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State Customs Committee of the Republic of Abkhazia: the volume of foreign trade of Abkhazia in 2019 increased by 9.5%

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28.03.2020 14:25
State Customs Committee of the Republic of Abkhazia: the volume of foreign trade of Abkhazia in 2019 increased by 9.5%
The State Customs Committee of the Republic of Abkhazia hosted the final board.

Sukhum. February 28. Apsnypress. The State Customs Committee of the Republic of Abkhazia at the final board summed up the results of 2019.
 
 Head of Department of Statistics and Analysis of the State Customs Committee Asida Kvitsiniya, reported on the results:  “According to the OSA of the State Customs Committee the foreign trade volume of the Republic of Abkhazia in 2019 amounted to 25 billion 989.4 million rubles, which is 2 billion 282.3 million rubles more than in 2018 (an increase of 9.5%).

 Including:
 - export - 5 billion 935.4 million rubles, in 2018 - 5 billion 162 million rubles (growth rate - 14%);
 - import - 20 billion 54 million rubles, in 2018 - 18 billion 545.1 million rubles (growth rate - 8%).
 
 The trade balance also remained negative and amounted to 14 billion 119 million rubles. The reason for the negative balance in the trade balance indicator is the increased demand for imported goods, such as medicines, foodstuffs, building materials and fuels and lubricants, which together account for 45%. At the same time, the country's export potential continues to be low.  

  Despite the growth in foreign trade of the Republic, in 2019 the number of enterprises involved in foreign economic activity decreased. So, in 2019, export-import operations were carried out by 1,598 participants in foreign economic activity, which is 59 enterprises less than the previous year (a decrease of 3.6%). During the period under review, the number of importers (a decline of 2.3%) and exporters (a decline of 25.6%) decreased.  

 The growth in exports in the turnover is associated with an increase in the export of fish products, as well as citrus fruits, while we observe a decline in hazelnuts, the turnover of these products is:
 - fish, fresh or chilled 4.6 million rubles, in 2018 - 15.5 million rubles (a 70% decline);
 - fish fat - 365.1 million rubles, in 2018 - 191.4 million rubles (an increase of 90%);
 - fish flour - 912.5 million rubles, in 2018 - 313.1 million rubles (an increase of 192%);
 - citrus fruits - 368.1 million rubles, in 2018 –584 million rubles (37% decline);
 - forest nut (in shell) –– 30.1 million rubles, and in 2018 –21 million rubles (an increase of 43%).
 
 The main export of Abkhazia is agricultural products, whose share is 54%, and in value terms 2 billion 768 million rubles, which is 1 billion 639 million rubles less than in 2018 (40% decline).
 The import structure in 2019 covers almost the entire product range of foreign economic activity. The most significant import positions are occupied by food products, gasoline, diesel fuel, motor oils, liquefied gas, machinery, equipment and mechanisms, including household appliances, motor vehicles and other goods (such as chemical products, textiles, etc. ).
 
 In geographical structure of foreign trade of the Republic of Abkhazia, a special place is occupied by the Russian Federation (70% of the Abkhaz trade) and Turkey, which account for 78% of the total trade:
 - Russian Federation - 70%;
 - Turkey - 8%;
 - other countries - 22%. ”

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